Changes to Veterinary Antibiotics

Changes in Access to Veterinary Antibiotics

After December 1, 2018, Health Canada is moving all medically imported antibiotics to the federal prescription drug list.This change will help to ensure prudent use of antibiotics. This means:

  • Producers will no longer be able to buy antibiotic products from retail stores, only from veterinary offices or pharmacists, or mixed in feed from feed mills;
  • Producers will need a prescription from their veterinarian for all livestock and/or poultry antibiotics; and
  • Veterinarians must have a valid relationship with their client before writing an antibiotic prescription.

If you don’t already have a veterinarian you work with regularly, now is the time to find one.

For more information, contact Wendy Wilkins, Disease Surveillance Veterinarian with the Ministry of Agriculture, at 306-798-0253 or wendy.wilkins@gov.sk.ca.

PUBLIC NOTICE

TAKE NOTICE that the Council of the Rural Municipality of Cupar #218 intends to Set the annual remuneration rate and custom work rate for Council at a meeting to be held on Friday January 19, 2018, in the Council Chambers at the Municipal Office, 113 Landsdowne Street in Cupar, SK 10:00 am.

Free Livestock Water Screening

Electrical conductivity is directly related to the concentration of salts dissolved in the water and can be an indicator of water quality.  Producers are welcome to bring in livestock water samples for screening.

Visit the Ministry of Agriculture’s booths at Agribition for free water screening:

Credit Union Event Plex #804 International Trade Centre #112

For more information, call the Agricultural Knowledge Centre at 1-866-457-2377

Rabid Skunk

A rabid skunk has been found in the RM of Cupar #218.  If you want more information contact:

Dr. Clarence Bischop
Rabies Risk Assessment Veterinarian (RRAV), SK AG
Cell (306)529-2190
Toll-Free Fax (844)666-3647
Clarence.Bischop@gov.sk.ca or RRAV@gov.sk.ca

Information on Rabies:

Treatment
Once an animal is showing clinical signs of infection, the disease is almost invariably fatal, and no treatment is effective.  Disease can often be prevented by immediate post-exposure vaccination.  Rabies can usually be prevented by vaccination, and vaccines are available for most domestic species.  Rabies vaccine was first developed in 1885 by Louis Pasteur and Emile Roux and successfully used to prevent disease in a boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog.
Standard treatment for people that have been exposed is an injection of immune globulin infiltrated in the region of the bite as well as intramuscularly, followed by a series of vaccinations.  A series of five vaccines are administered on days; 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28.  Those which have been previously vaccinated are not given the immune globulin injection, only the vaccinations.  The immune globulin consists of  antibodies from blood donors given rabies vaccine.  The antibodies act as passive protection until the body’s own immune system can start to produce antibodies.

Any unvaccinated animal that has been exposed to rabies via bite or wound should be immediatley euthanized.  If the owner of the animal is unwilling to allow euthanasia then the animal is to be kept in isolation if it is a small animal or else under close observation if it is a large animal.  The animal should be vaccinated one month before release.  Post-Exposure Prophylaxis as is used with people is not used in animals.

For more information refer to the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control

 

Image Credit:  http://www.drugs.com/pdr/images/pills/p06310a3.jpg

 

Prevention and Control
No vaccines are available for wildlife kept as pets, and the oral bait vaccines which are quite effective in controlling rabies in wild fox populations are not considered effective for individual animals kept as pets.  Baited vaccines are not available privately – they are only available for public control programs, including their use in some developing countries to control rabies in dogs.  Some protection may be given by an injectable vaccine for another species, but the efficacy is not known.
Vaccination is not completely protective, as titers may drop off with time, the dosage at exposure may be too high, or direct access of the rabies virus to the nervous system may occur, thereby circumventing immune protection.  This may occur if inhaling air with a high concentration of virus-laden saliva, and the virus may enter directly via the olfactory nerves.
Image Credit:  http://www.bioveta.cz/images_products/Biocan%20R.jpg
Historically control programs focused on reducing populations of the local carrier species and limiting contact of domestic and wild animals.  Much of this focused on trapping and killing to minimize the risk of infection by reducing the carrier population.  More recently aerial distribution of bait containing an attenuated virus vaccine has been quite successful in wild foxes, but has not been efficacious in raccoons and skunks because much higher baiting densities are required, greatly increasing the cost.

 

 

Image Credit:  http://agnews.tamu.edu/dailynews/stories/WFSC/Dec1704a.htm                                    http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/communicable/zoonoses/rabies/picbait1.htm

 

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency recognizes about 25 countries to be free of rabies, of which Australia, Finland, Japan, Jamaica, Sweden and the United Kingdom are included.  Rabies has never become endemic in the United Kingdom.  It was eradicated from the dog population in 1902 and again in 1922 after it was reintroduced in 1918.  Presently, rabies free countries rigidly enforce strict quarantine periods for dogs and cats being imported. (Murphy et al., 1999)
Australia has always been free of rabies, lyssavirus 1, but recently lyssavirus genotype 7 was found in fruit bats causing rabies like disease.  There have been two human fatalities in Australia caused by this lyssavirus since it has been found.  (Coetzer & Tustin, 2004)
There are five components to surveillance and control. (Murphy et al. 1999)
control of pet movement and removal of strays
dog and cat immunization to break transmission
laboratory diagnosis of suspected clinical cases to obtain accurate surveillance data
surveillance to measure the effectiveness of control measures
public education to increase public awareness and cooperation

 

 

 

 

 

Crop Report

I haven’t posted a crop update in a while but it is nice to see where we are!

For the Period August 29 to September 4, 2017

Harvest Progress
Per cent Combined
All Crops
Sep. 4/17. . . . . . . . . . . 45
5 year avg.
(2012-2016) . . . . . . . . 28
Sep. 5/16 . . . . . . . . . . 32
Sep. 7/15 . . . . . . . . . 40
Sep 8/14 . . . . . . . . . 14
Sep. 2/13 . . . . . . . . . . 14
Sep. 3/12 . . . . . . . . . . 38
10 year avg.
(2007-2016) . . . . . . . . 27

The relatively warm and dry weather has allowed many producers to continue with harvest operations, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s weekly Crop Report. Forty-five per cent of the crop is now in the bin, well ahead of the five-year (2012-2016) average for this time of year of 28 per cent combined. Twenty-eight per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight cut.

Harvest progress is most advanced in the southwest region where 70 per cent of the crop is now combined. The southeast region has 60 per cent combined, the west-central region 44 percent and the east-central region 36 per cent. The northeast region has 12 per cent combined while northwest region has 18 per cent combined.

Ninety-nine per cent of the fall rye and winter wheat, 91 per cent of the lentils, 90 per cent of the field peas, 58 per cent of mustard, 62 per cent of the durum, 51 per cent of barley, 27 per cent of triticale, 38 per cent of spring wheat and 26 per cent of the canola have now been combined. Twenty-four per cent of the oats, 31 per cent of the chickpea, 16 per cent of canary seed and nine per cent of flax have been combined.  Forty-nine per cent of canola and 29 per cent of the spring wheat and mustard have been swathed or ready to straight cut. Not much progress has been made on soybean as harvest progress for this crop remains at 18 per cent combined, similar to the previous week.

Saskatchewan Harvest

September 4, 2017
Per cent  combined

Winter wheat

Fall rye

Spring wheat

Durum

Oats

Barley

Canaryseed

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Soybeans

Lentils

Peas

Chickpeas

99

98

38

62

24

51

16

9

26

58

8

91

90

31

The majority of the province received little to no rainfall this past week, with the highest rainfall for the week (56 mm) reported in the Langenburg area. No other area received similar amount of rainfall, as the next highest amount reported was 6 mm in the Nipawin area. The Pierceland area still holds the highest amount of rainfall received in the province since April 1 at 543 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions remain low. Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 24 per cent adequate, 42 per cent short and 34 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 19 per cent adequate, 38 per cent short and 43 per cent very short.

The majority of crop damage this past week is attributed to lack of moisture and strong winds.

Producers are busy combining, desiccating crops and hauling bales and grain.

Saskatchewan Harvest by Crop District – September 4, 2017
Per cent combined
Crop District % combined Crop District % combined  Crop District  % combined
1A 62 3BS 74 6B 43
1B 56 3BN 70 7A 48
2A 52 4A 72 7B 43
2B 59 4B 84 8A 12
3ASE 80 5A 33 8B 15
3ASW 51 5B 14 9AE 5
3AN 68 6A 56 9AW 24
9B 12

 

Saskatchewan Harvest Progress by Crop District   September 4, 2017
Total % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined % Other
southeast 20 13 7 60 0
southwest 17 2 11 70 0
east central 25 28 11 36 0
west central 27 14 15 44 0
northeast 54 26 8 12 0
northwest 40 34 8 18 0
provincial 27 17 11 45 0

Obsolete Pesticide & Livestock Medication Disposal Program

CleanFARMS Saskatchewan is hosting a disposal program for obsolete pesticides and livestock medication on select dates from October 23 – 27, 2017 for no charge. Products for disposal will be accepted from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. at each site on the dates indicated here.

The obsolete pesticide and livestock medication collection program is free to participate in. Farmers and other pesticide users are encouraged to bring in any agricultural or commercial pesticide and/or livestock medication (but NO needles/sharps) into designated ag-retail locations during the collection period where a licenced waste hauler will safely manage the products and send them for environmentally responsible disposal via high temperature incineration. The disposal program is funded by the registrants/manufacturers of the products as part of their commitment to product stewardship. The disposal program is delivered in each region of the country every three years. Since the program was first delivered in 1998 more than 2.8 million kgs of pesticide and 30,000 kgs of livestock medications have been safely disposed of.

The next time that the obsolete collection is scheduled for Saskatchewan will be in the fall of 2018 with a disposal program targeted for the northern half of the province.

Specific program information is also available on the CleanFARMS website.

RE: Grazing Land available

Environment Minister Scott Moe is reminding livestock producers that 90,000 acres of Fish and Wildlife Development fund (FWDF) lands are available to producers for grazing until September 15. This will enhance producers’ ability to manage potential feed shortage due to Saskatchewan’s current dry conditions.

“We know grazing and haying benefits wildlife habitat management and provides additional opportunities for producers,” Environment Minister Scott Moe said. “That is why we are pleased to make this FWDF land available and hope this helps to address the challenges some producers are facing due to dry conditions.”

Recent crop reports state that significant rain is needed to enhance hay and pasture volumes. Currently, only 24 per cent of the Saskatchewan hay crop is cut and 39 per cent is baled or put into silage. Therefore, the Ministry of Environment’s 90,000 acres of FWDF land could be a significant benefit to producers. To date, 23 Saskatchewan producers in 18 different rural municipalities have grazing agreements on FWDF lands.

The ministry has a land management trust agreement with Ducks Unlimited Canada, the Nature Conservancy of Canada and the Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation to manage all provincial FWDF lands.

“I would like to acknowledge this ongoing partnership that will maintain or improve wildlife habitat, while providing mutual benefits to the agriculture and conservation communities,” Moe said.

The FWDF land, located throughout the province, is native prairie or other grasslands, and is typically used for conservation purposes. While some of the available land has water sources and is fenced, much of the land will require temporary fencing or water. Producers who are awarded access to FWDF lands may be responsible for the cost and construction of any necessary improvements. The grazing lease fees that apply to agricultural Crown land will apply to the FWDF land, with revenues generated funding future conservation initiatives.

Visit www.fwdf.ca for a list of FWDF land by rural municipality, or call 1-844-306-3933 toll-free for more information